Self-Directed Learning in Adult Second Language Acquisition


Aprendizaje Autodirigido; Adquisición de una Segunda Lengua; Educación de Adultos; Dominio de Lenguas; Tecnología Educativa. Aprendizaje Autodirigido; Adquisición de una Segunda Lengua; Educación de Adultos; Dominio de Lenguas; Tecnología Educativa. Aprendizagem autodirigida; aquisição de segundo idioma; educação de adultos; proficiência em idiomas; tecnologia educacional.

How to Cite

Robles Arboleda, G. A., Gallardo Rodríguez, M. P., & Vega Iza, J. I. (2024). Self-Directed Learning in Adult Second Language Acquisition. Runas. Journal of Education and Culture, 5(9), e240192.


The pervasive challenge in adult education is achieving effective second language acquisition through self-directed learning (SDL). As globalization intensifies, the demand for bilingual proficiency emerges, yet traditional educational structures often fall short in fostering necessary language skills among adults. This investigation aims to dissect the efficacy of SDL in adult second language learners, focusing on the specific factors that influence successful outcomes. Our methodology embraced a qualitative approach, concentrating on an exhaustive bibliographic review to uncover nuances in SDL practices and outcomes. This included the analysis of 49 scientific articles sourced from recognized academic databases, ensuring a robust foundation for our insights. Results from the study indicated that intrinsic motivation, access to technology, and effective use of strategic learning practices are paramount in enhancing language proficiency through SDL. However, barriers such as inadequate digital literacy and economic disparities significantly impact learning outcomes. In conclusion, while SDL presents a viable pathway for adult language acquisition, its success is heavily dependent on overcoming technological and motivational hurdles. Tailored educational strategies and support systems are essential to maximize the benefits of SDL.


Do?ru, E., & Ozen, R. (2023). Effects of Using the Staged Self-Directed Learning Model at Distance English Learning. Participatory Educational Research, 10(1), 1–16.

Gilakjani, A., & Sabouri, N. (2017). Teachers’ Beliefs in English Language Teaching and Learning: A Review of the Literature. English Language Teaching, 10(4), 78–88.

Giveh, F., Ghobadi, M., & Zamani, Z. (2018). Self-directed learning in l2 acquisition: A review of theory, practice, and research. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 9(6), 1335–1343.

Guamán, K., Hernández, E., & Lloay, S. (2021). La metodología de la investigación científica. Revista Conrado, 17(81), 163–168.

Hafizah, N., & Sayadi, S. (2021). ESL Students’ Readiness for Self-Directed Learning in Improving English Writing Skills. Arab World English Journal, 12(4), 503–520.

Hassan, N., Leow, M., Thresia, F., & Qiaoqiao, L. (2024). Exploring Self-Directed Learning Readiness among Undergraduates in ESL Classrooms. International Journal of Advanced Research in Future Ready Learning and Education, 34(41), 53–62.

Kalra, A., Agnihotri, R., Talwar, S., Rostami, A., & Dwivedi, P. (2021). Effect of internal competitive work environment on working smart and emotional exhaustion: the moderating role of time management. Journal of Business and Industrial Marketing, 36(2), 269–280.

Kilde, L. (2022). Self-directedness in non-formal online business english courses: adult learners’ perspectives. PUPIL: International Journal of Teaching, Education and Learning, 6(1), 44–55.

Masrul, M., & Yuliani, S. (2024). Self-Directed Learning Scale at University Context. Journey: Journal of English Language and Pedagogy, 7(1), 41–56.

Mitchell, C. (2023). Supporting the Transition to Self-Directed Learning in ESL: A Coaching Intervention. SiSal Journal, 14(2), 167–184.

Moradi, H. (2018). Self-directed Learning in Language Teaching-learning Processes. MJLTM, 8(6), 59–64.

Moummou, A., & Fathi, S. (2022). Reading and Young Adults Self-Directed Learning. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 13(5), 1–11.

Rai, J., Raka, S., & Rajin, A. (2016). Learning center with self-directed learning: a foundation for TOEFL learning activity. International Journal of Linguistics, 2(4), 64–72.

Sari, D., & Ashadi, A. (2020). Graduate students’ attitudes & self-directed for lifelong learning in foreign language environment. LingTera, 7(1), 38–50.

Subekti, A. S. (2021). L2 learning online: Self-directed learning and gender influence in Indonesian university students. JEES (Journal of English Educators Society), 7(1), 1–8.

Umiera, H., Melor, H., Yunus, M., & Hashim, H. (2018). Language Learning Strategies used by Adult Learners of Teaching English as a Second Language (TESL). TESOL International Journal, 39(4), 1–10.

Van, C., & Cardoso, W. (2022). Google Translate as a Tool for Self-Directed Language Learning. Language Learning & Technology, 2022(1), 1–19.

Willoughby, L., & Sell, C. (2024). Online videos for self-directed second language learning. Language Learning & Technology, 2024(1), 1–15.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2023 Gustavo Abel Robles Arboleda, Mariela Patricia Gallardo Rodríguez, Jenny Isabel Vega Iza


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...