Runas. Journal of Education and Culture 2021-08-31T01:46:35+00:00 Hernán Díaz R. Open Journal Systems <p><strong>RUNAS. Journal of Education and Culture</strong>, ISSN 2737-6230, is a refereed academic journal that publishes 2 issues per year (January-July and August-December). Founded in 2020, it seeks to publish articles related to education and culture around the world, in terms of reality verification, since these fields are interrelated as key elements of the development of peoples. We welcome contributions from researchers, academics, and young students with a critical, contextual vision that contributes to the dissemination of the reality of the fields described, mainly in peripheral countries, and their reflection on the alternatives/possibility of liberation.</p> <p>*<em><strong>"RUNAS</strong>"</em> is a word that comes from the Kichwa language of the indigenous peoples of Ecuador, used to refer to human beings.</p> The resurgence of the Selk'nam. Dynamics of ethnoheterogenesis, ethnicity, and legal recognition in the Tierra del Fuego 2021-07-14T16:33:50+00:00 Javier Lastra-Bravo <p>This article has two central objectives, on the one hand, to analyze the process by which the Selk'nam population was declared extinct on the island of Tierra del Fuego, putting special emphasis on the process of colonization and the consequences this brought, especially the process of assimilation and ethnocide. Subsequently, a theoretical review is made of the concepts of ethnicity and ethnogenesis as processes through which the resurgence of groups of individuals who currently recognize themselves as members of the indigenous Selk'nam group can be explained. In this sense, the concept of Ethnoheterogenesis is linked as a model through which the current processes of self-recognition of individuals with ethnic groups can be explained. To conclude the article focuses the discussion on recognizing those cultural aspects present today, the action of ethnic groups, and the need for legal and symbolic recognition of the current existence of Selk'nam ethnic groups.</p> 2021-08-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Javier Lastra-Bravo Pierre Bourdieu and Surveys in Sociology of Education 2021-08-31T01:46:35+00:00 Monique de Saint-Martin Sergio Lorenzo Sandoval-Aragón <p class="p1">The purpose of this article is to help to imagine and understand the spirit in which Pierre Bourdieu and the group of researchers he led conceived, in the early 1960s, their first research and surveys on students and the educational system. It evokes the research and surveys conducted by Pierre Bourdieu that nurtured and originated many other works, such as those on political opinion, on university professors or on the field of power. He focuses particularly on the research and surveys of the 1960s, highlights the impetus that May 1968 brought to research in education, and then elaborates on the research undertaken in 1969 on the factors of change and the forces of inertia in the school system. He explains that it was imperative to focus not only on the weight of reproduction in the educational system, but also on the transformations that were taking place in the university, in the educational system in general, and even in a society as a whole. Taken as a whole, the article is an invaluable, solidly documented testimony that allows us to understand the central role of the sociology of education and culture in Pierre Bourdieu’s sociological work.</p> 2021-08-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Monique de Saint-Martin; Sergio Lorenzo Sandoval-Aragón