https://runas.religacion.com/index.php/about/issue/feed Runas. Journal of Education and Culture 2024-01-23T03:49:11+00:00 Hernán Díaz R. revista.runas@religacion.com Open Journal Systems <p><strong>RUNAS. Journal of Education and Culture</strong>, ISSN 2737-6230, is a refereed academic journal that publishes 2 issues per year (January-July and August-December). Founded in 2020, it seeks to publish articles related to education and culture around the world, in terms of reality verification, since these fields are interrelated as key elements of the development of peoples. We welcome contributions from researchers, academics, and young students with a critical, contextual vision that contributes to the dissemination of the reality of the fields described, mainly in peripheral countries, and their reflection on the alternatives/possibility of liberation.</p> <p>*<em><strong>"RUNAS</strong>"</em> is a word that comes from the Kichwa language of the indigenous peoples of Ecuador, used to refer to human beings.</p> https://runas.religacion.com/index.php/about/article/view/150 The Impact of Short Videos in the Listening Skills of Young Adults with A1 Level from UCACUE 2023-12-12T05:47:19+00:00 Fresia Rojas fresia.rojas@ucacue.edu.ec Martha Magdalena Guamán Luna mguamanl@ucacue.edu.ec <p>The use of short educational videos as a tool to enhance listening skills in adult learners has gained significant attention in recent years. This study aims to explore the effects of incorporating short everyday English videos into listening activities in university students from UCACUE, La Troncal extension. The research incorporates a comprehensive literature review to identify the theoretical foundations and justifications for using short videos in adult language education. The participants for this study are fifty undergraduate students from the Language Center at UCACUE, with a beginner English level (A1 course) divided into control and experimental. For gathering data, groups are evaluated through questionnaires and pre and post-tests, to obtain quantitative data. Similarly, to attain qualitative data, a survey is introduced to them for analyzing students’ perceptions regarding the implementation of Short Videos in Listening activities. The results of the study revealed a notable enhancement in listening performance, students’ motivation, and engagement for participants who were exposed to video materials compared to those who used traditional audio resources. Participants viewing videos scored higher in post-tests, signifying better comprehension. Consequently, the study concluded that integrating videos effectively enhances listening skills, marking multimedia as a potent tool for educational advancement.</p> 2023-12-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Fresia Rojas, Martha Magdalena Guamán Luna https://runas.religacion.com/index.php/about/article/view/157 Aftermath of COVID-19 in the cooperative sector: an approach to its financial efficiency 2024-01-18T01:06:15+00:00 Rodrigo Arturo Reyes Armas rodrigo.reyes5274@utc.edu.ec Rosa Marjorie Torres Briones rosa.torres@utc.edu.ec Mayra Elizabeth García Bravo mayra.garcia2684@utc.edu.ec Ketty del Rocío Hurtado García ketty.hurtado@utc.edu.ec <p>The study analyzed the financial efficiency of savings and credit cooperatives in segment 1 in Ecuador between 2017 and 2021. A quantitative approach was used, where the study participants were 40 financial cooperatives in segment 1. Metrics such as the profit margin were examined. intermediation of the average equity and the average asset, in addition to the delinquency of the microcredit portfolio and the total delinquency. A decrease in financial efficiency and an increase in delinquencies were observed in 2021, likely due to inefficient implementation of collection strategies. Despite the challenges of the pandemic, cooperatives adapted their credit strategies, maintaining controlled levels of delinquencies by demonstrating resilience and adaptability. The study highlights the importance of effective financial management and contingency strategies intimes of crisis.</p> 2024-01-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Rodrigo Arturo Reyes Armas, Rosa Marjorie Torres Briones, Mayra Elizabeth García Bravo, Ketty del Rocío Hurtado García https://runas.religacion.com/index.php/about/article/view/155 Remittances and economic impact in Ecuador’s Zone 7, period 2010-2021 2023-12-28T14:40:00+00:00 Jorge Guido Sotomayor-Pereira jsotomayor@utmachala.edu.ec Bernard César Macías Sares bmacias@utmachala.edu.ec Nathaly Alexandra Belduma nbelduma3@utmachala.edu.ec Víctor Manuel Jadán Sánchez vjadan1@utmachala.edu.ec <p>This article presents a study of migration trends and the economic impact of remittances in Ecuador’s Zone 7. A documentary and descriptive research methodology was used to collect and analyze data from various written sources, and trends were visually represented through tables and line graphs. The results show that migration and remittances have had a significant impact on the local and national economy, and the implications of these findings for public policy and society in general are discussed.</p> 2024-01-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Jorge Guido Sotomayor-Pereira, Bernard César Macías Sares, Nathaly Alexandra Belduma, Víctor Manuel Jadán Sánchez https://runas.religacion.com/index.php/about/article/view/158 Gender Influence on the Wage Gap: Study of the Latacunga Market in the Periods 2010-2020 2024-01-18T03:19:49+00:00 Carlos Alberto Parreño Herrera carlos.parreno6380@utc.edu.ec Mauricio Sebastián Parreño Rivera mausebas95@gmail.com <p>The proposed article examines how the gender pay gap has impacted the labor market in Latacunga, Ecuador between 2010 and 2020. Deductive and historical methods were used to analyze statistical data from the National Survey of Employment, Unemployment, and Underemployment (ENEMDU). The Oaxaca Blinder model was employed for data analysis. The study focuses on the impact of gender discrimination on wages and how factors like education and the number of children influence this gap. The findings indicate a persistent wage discrimination against women, suggesting that as men become more active in the labor market, their earnings increase compared to women. This study contributes to understanding gender dynamics in the labor market and proposes further research to address these disparities.</p> 2024-01-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Carlos Alberto Parreño Herrera, Mauricio Sebastián Parreño Rivera https://runas.religacion.com/index.php/about/article/view/153 Diagnosis of the use of flipped classrooms in English as a foreign language classes through teachers' perception in secondary education institutions in the city of Ambato 2023-12-13T06:27:04+00:00 José Andrés López Jordán jose.lopez.02@est.ucacue.edu.ec Antonio Lenín Argudo Garzón alargudog@ucacue.edu.ec <p>The application of flipped classroom techniques in second language acquisition has garnered increasing attention due to its potential to enhance student academic performance and motivation at the secondary school level. This literature review examines existing research on flipped classrooms within English as a Foreign Language (EFL) instruction, aiming to contextualize an investigation into teacher perceptions of adopting flipped models in Ambato public middle and high schools. By evaluating educator attitudes and experiences with Flipped EFL classrooms via surveys and interviews. This study intends to provide data-backed guidance to regional institutions and instructors on challenges, outcomes, best practices, and recommendations to enable effective implementation. With strong English proficiency closely tied to academic and career opportunities for Ambato youths, this research seeks to assess the viability of flipped techniques for optimizing local EFL pedagogy by spotlighting teacher-centered perspectives on friction points and successes in employing flipped learning.</p> 2023-12-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 José Andrés López Jordán, Antonio Lenín Argudo Garzón https://runas.religacion.com/index.php/about/article/view/151 The Effectiveness of Task-Based Language Teaching in Pronunciation Skills of Elementary Students 2023-12-12T06:42:10+00:00 Diego Paul Duma Quilambaqui diego.duma.00@est.ucacue.edu.ec Juan Pablo Contreras Parra jcontrerasp@ucacue.edu.ec <p>This study aims to examine the efficacy of Task-Based Language Teaching (TBLT) in improving the pronunciation abilities of children at the primary level. The research focuses on a significant but relatively unexplored area within language education. The research utilizes a pre-test and post-test approach, leveraging the Azure AI platform for pronunciation evaluation, with a cohort of 7th-grade participants. The Task-Based Language Teaching (TBLT) intervention has been shown to substantially improve several aspects of pronunciation, including accuracy, fluency, completeness, and prosody. The results emphasize the practical implications for language educators and curriculum designers and the need for specific pronunciation teaching, especially at the primary school level. The paper proposes including several assessment methodologies while also recognizing the dependence on the Azure AI platform. The study continues by highlighting the significance of further research, encouraging inquiries into implementing Task-Based Language Teaching (TBLT) in various linguistic settings, with varied groups of learners, and over prolonged periods. This study is a valuable contribution to the existing body of knowledge on language teaching approaches by providing valuable insights into the potential of Task-Based Language Teaching (TBLT) for improving pronunciation skills in primary school.</p> 2023-12-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Diego Paul Duma Quilambaqui, Juan Pablo Contreras Parra https://runas.religacion.com/index.php/about/article/view/160 Assertive communication techniques: the impact on the academic performance of high school students 2024-01-23T03:49:11+00:00 William Franklin Chaglla Lasluisa williamchaglla@gmail.com Kleber Mauricio Núñez Bautista kleber.nunez@educacion.gob.ec <p style="font-weight: 400;">This research is significant due to its comprehensive examination of the influence of assertive communication on the academic performance of high school students. It is an essential factor that participants in the educational process must consider. The main objective of this research is to determine the impact of assertive communication on the academic efforts of students enrolled in the Unified General Baccalaureate program of the "Mushullacta" Educational Unit. Consequently, a systematic and organized research process is carried out, employing the scientific procedure that encompasses information from written sources and field work. In terms of methodology, a mixed approach is employed, combining quantitative and qualitative variables. Consequently, data are obtained from different groups, including control and experimental groups. Consequently, the research falls within the descriptive-correlational scope, since the two variables, namely assertive communication and academic performance, are interrelated within the academic context of students in the virtual modality. The results obtained indicate that assertive communication has a significant impact on the interaction between educational participants. Alternative solutions for academic performance were developed.</p> 2024-02-14T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 William Franklin Chaglla Lasluisa, Kleber Mauricio Núñez Bautista https://runas.religacion.com/index.php/about/article/view/152 The Impact of ‘WEBTOON’ as a Digital Reading Tool for EFL High School Students 2023-12-12T06:52:06+00:00 Mónica Daniela Guartazaca Tacuri monica.guartazaca.66@est.ucacue.edu.ec <p>After the pandemic, a palpable learning loss in the classrooms was left while more technological learners and teachers were born. It has led us to seek digital strategies to keep students engaged in the classrooms and one of these is the use of Webtoon. It has been widely gaining attention for its simple but fun interface in the generation Z, besides having different genres, themes, and panels with drawings that can engage users to keep reading in their leisure time. In the following qualitative study, the perspectives of high school students from UEPSMA (Unidad Educativa Particular Salesianas María Auxiliadora) in Cuenca were analyzed. Using three action research cycles with a qualitative method, they engaged in three pop quizzes and a final Google Forms survey at the end of the third. Results showed that students found Webtoon’s illustrations and vocabulary satisfying, and they continued reading because of the plot and the illustrations. Their open-ended questions also highlighted how content the majority were at using a digital reading tool in the classroom, boosting their English reading motivation.</p> 2023-12-10T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Mónica Daniela Guartazaca Tacuri