Terra Ignota


terra ignota; transmutação; pararealidade; impureza; força paratópica. terra ignota; transmutation; parareality; uncanniness; paratopic force. terra ignota; transmutación; pararealidad; uncanniness; fuerza paratópica.

How to Cite

Alcántara Carrera, J. M. (2022). Terra Ignota. Runas. Journal of Education and Culture, 3(6), e21072. https://doi.org/10.46652/runas.v3i6.72


The Persian celebration of Yalda provides the opportunity to discuss the phenomenological dynamics of the Known (visible) and the Unknown (invisible). The concept of Terra Ignota is proposed along with the terms parareality and the paratopic force to frame an open interaction with the Unknown and the inessential ground of the Given (called also holomovement) transformed by the activity of time. This framing is performed under an epistemic horizon influenced by G. W. Leibniz, Giorgio Agamben, Sigmund Freud, Cornelius Castoriadis, Indian philosophy, and Plato. My postulate is that a unified vision of reality may be achieved through nondual models of reality beyond systems of representation with fixed identities.



Agamben, G. (2018). Karman. A brief treatise on action, guilt, and gesture. Stanford University Press.

Agamben, G. (2020). Where are We Now? Eris.

Alcántara, J. (2021). Imago Orbis: A Nondual Model of Reality in the Scientific Research of Consciousness’ Emergence. On the Abstraction of the Causal Structure of Experience. Manuscript, May 17.

Arnau Navarro, J. (2019). Upanisad. Correspondencias Ocultas (ed. and trans.). Atalanta.

Lao-Tze. (1898). Tao Teh King.The Open Court Publishing Company.

Castoriadis, C. (1975). L’institution imaginaire de la société. Editions du Seuil.

Castoriadis, C. (1982). Institution de la société et la religion. Esprit, Mai, pp. 116–131.

De Palma, D. (2006). Upanisads (ed.). Ediciones Siruela.

Emerson, R. W. (2000). The Essential Writings. Modern Library.

Emlyn-Jones, C., and Preddy, W. (2013). Plato. Republic. (Volume I and II). Harvard University Press.

Jephcott, E. (2002). Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno. Dialectic of Enlightenment (trans.). Stanford University Press.

Kauffman, S. (2000). Investigations. Oxford University Press.

Kersten, F. (1983). Edmund Husserl. Ideas Pertaining to a Pure Phenomenology and to a Phenomenological Philosophy (trans.). Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

Klimkiewicz, L. (ed. and trans.) (2014). Freud, Sigmund. Das Unheimliche. Mármol-Izquierdo Editores.

Krishnamurti, J. (1973). The Awakening of Intelligence. HarperOne.

Leibniz, W. G. (2009). Discusión metafísica sobre el principio de individuación. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

Maclean, I. (2006). Rene Descartes. A Discourse on the Method of Correctly Conducting One’s Reason and Seeking Truth in Science (trans.). Oxford University Press.

Nicol, E. (1982). Crítica de la Razón Simbólica. Fondo de Cultura Económica.

Olivelle, P. (1998). The Early Upanishads (trans. and ed.). Oxford University Press.

Olivier, G. (2015). Cacería, sacrificio y poder en Mesoamérica. Fondo de Cultura Económica.

Popper, K. (1991). The Logic of Scientific Discovery. Routledge.

Remnant, P., & Bennett, J. (1996). Leibniz, G. W. New Essays on Human Understanding (ed. and trans.). Cambridge University Press.

Strachey, J. (1961). The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. (trans.) The Hogarth Press.

Villeneuve, D. (2021). Dune. Legendary Pictures.

Waldenfels, B. (1977). Topographie des Fremden. Suhrkamp Verlag.

Wilberforce-Clarke, H. (1891). Hafiz. The Divan-i (ed. and trans.). Ibex Publishers.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2022 Julio Martín Alcántara Carrera


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...